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Hackney Coaches.

If one had to get around Town and couldn’t afford to either keep a town coach or hire one for the Season, hackney coaches (or cabs) were the answer.

Hackney’s had been around since the early 17th century and an owner had to be licenses to operate the coach.

Almost all hackney started out as private town coaches that had been purchased used. They were generally pulled by a pair of horses. Many hackney owners had three horses so that they could be rotated, and so that the owner had a spare horse in the event one horse was injured or died.

By the early 19th century there were over 1000 hackney coaches operating in the London area.

By the mid-1830’s the Handsome cab was invented and began replacing the older hackney coaches.

Much has been made in modern romances of the lack of cleanliness in Hackneys. I am going to hazard a guess that the condition of the coach depended upon which part of London the owner was operating.

If you want to know more, here is an interesting article on hackneys. http://www.georgianindex.net/transportationLondon/Hackney_Coach.html

The first image is of a hackney. The second is a Handsome cab.

Hackney carriage 1

Handsome coach

#RegencyTrivia #Historical #HistoricalRomance #ReadaRegency

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Regency Trivia – Coaches
 
Traveling Coaches
 
Of all the privately owned coaches and carriages these were the largest. Bear in mind that every coach was bespoke. There are accounts of traveling coaches having seats that made in to beds, built in shelves and tables, hidden compartments, holders for hot bricks in the floor, and storage under the seats, just to name a few amenities.
 
A traveling coach was driven by a coachman and would have been powered by a team of four or six horses. If the owner made frequent trips to the same places, they’d post horses along the route in order to ensure they wouldn’t be held up waiting for replacements.
 
The body of the coach was large and enclosed. Glass windows were generally set in the doors and sides of the coach and covered with either leather or cloth shades or curtains. Velvet was a common covering for the benches and cushions, although, leather was also used.
 
Ladies or the most ranking person was seated in the forward facing seat. Gentlemen or lesser ranking persons sat in the backward facing seat. An unmarried lady could not ride alone in a coach with a gentleman who wasn’t either her guardian or a close (brother, father, uncle, grandfather) relative without courting ruin. However, a betrothed lady could ride in one alone with her betrothed for very short distances.
 
If the owner was a peer or a widow of a peer, a crest would be drawn out on the side panels, generally in gold.
Some of these photos are from coaches that were slightly later than the Regency, but the’ll give you and idea.
 
Traveling coach Duke of Northumberland
Traveling coach
coach bed
#RegencyTrivia #HistoricalRomance #ReadaRegency

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I have a cover and a release date (29 February) for Believe in Me!! And it’s on pre-order

Marriage has worked out quite nicely for her older sisters, yet Lady Augusta Vivers is certain it would end her studies in languages and geography, and stop her from travelling. But when her mother thwarts her plan to attend the only university in Europe that accepts women—in Italy—she is forced to agree to one London Season. Spending her time at parties proves an empty diversion—until she encounters the well-traveled Lord Phineas Carter-Wood. Still, Europe awaits . . .

Phineas has studied architecture all over the world, yet Augusta is his most intriguing discovery yet. How can he resist a woman who loves maps and far-off lands? But her longing for all things foreign hinders any hope of courtship. When he learns her cousins have offered a trip to Europe, he secretly arranges to join their party. For he is determined to show Augusta that a real union is a thrilling adventure of its own. And when their journey is beset by dangerous obstacles, he gets far more opportunity than he bargained for . . .

#ReadaRegency #HistoricalRomance #Regency

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Sporting carriages were all the rage during the Regency. Both ladies and gentlemen drove curricles, gigs, and high-perched phaetons.
 
Driving clubs were quite popular and, of course, the domain of men. The first club was the Bensington Driving Club established in 1807.
 
The most famous of all driving clubs was the Four-Horse-Club that required their members to own a certain type of carriage and be able to drive a team (4 horses). The club was not only famous for the competence of its drivers, but for it’s famous “uniform.” In order to attend the meetings, which consisted of gathering a spot in London then driving to an inn to eat, every member had to wear “a drab coat that reaching to the ankles with three tiers of pockets and mother of pearl buttons as large as five shilling pieces. The waistcoat was blue with yellow stripes an inch wide, the breeches of plush with strings and rosettes to each knee. The hat should be 3 1/2 inches deep in the crown.”
 
The dress code was strictly observed, as was the type of carriage, a Vis landau, which seated two (making it more like a barouche) and was painted yellow. The members drove from the box, where a coachman would normally sit. The attempt to force members to all use bays failed.
 
Below is a drawing of a version of the Vis landau.
Vis Barouche
 
If the owner of such a vehicle wished to use it to drive his lady around, he’d have to have a coachman, and a chaperone. Why? Because the gentleman was not busy driving the team.
 
For more information about the four-horse-club, here are two links.
 
 
 
#RegencyTrivia #Historical #ReadaRegency

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Youll Never Forget Your first Earl comp

Join the You Never Forget Your First Earl blog tour and giveaway for a chance to win a signed copy!! https://goddessfishparty.blogspot.com/…/hosts-for-you-never… Ella Quinn, USA Today Bestselling Regency Romance Author

Within the Worthingtons’ extended family circle, laughter and romance rule, and a young lady never settles for less than true love . . .

With her three good friends all recently married, Elizabeth Turley is ready for some husband-hunting of her own. One gentleman in particular sparks her interest. Geoffrey, Earl of Harrington is tall, handsome, and dashing. He’s also just a bit too sure of himself. But Elizabeth has observed enough about the rules of attraction to pique the earl’s attention. Yet once she has it, the discovery of a troubling secret taints her future happiness . . .

Lord Harrington must marry or lose a prestigious position in Brussels, and pretty, well-connected Elizabeth fits his needs admirably. But could it be that he has underestimated his bride? She doesn’t bat an eye in the face of the danger they encounter overseas. She’s strong-willed, intelligent, and more enticing each day—yet also more indifferent to him. Now Geoffrey faces his greatest challenge: to woo and win his own wife, or risk losing her for good . . .

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#Regency #Historical #ReadaRegency

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We are back in the Regency, but not quite done with royalty. Today we’re going to discuss George Augustus Frederick, oldest son of King George III and his wife Charlotte, and the man who gave the Regency its name.  He was born on 12 August 1762 and died on 26 June 1830. Upon his birth he was given the titles Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay. These titles should be familiar to you as the current holder is Prince Charles. A few days later George was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester. On 5 February 1811, after his father was declared mad, he became the Prince Regent.

Prinny, as he was known to his detractors, lived a life of extreme excess in everything from food to women to gambling. When he was eighteen, he was given his own household and began his descent into profligacy. Even before he became prince regent Parliament was required to settle his debts. At one and twenty he entered into an illegal marriage to a Catholic commoner, Maria Fitzherbert, violating both the Act of Settlement 1701, that prohibited the spouse of a Catholic from succeeding to the throne, and the Royal Marriages Act 1772, that required he have the king’s consent to the marriage.  Maria in her late twenties and had been widowed twice. She considered the marriage legal but agreed to keep it a secret. The marriage did nothing to curtail George’s extravagant spending and his father refused to cover his debts. For a time he quite Carlton House and moved in with Maria. The short version of what happened next is, like things to, the secret marriage was getting out and Charles Fox, leader of the Whigs was concerned about the scandal the marriage might cause. Parliament was convinced to pay the prince’s debts.

Although, the prince had many mistresses, he always went back to Maria and was said to have had at least one child with her.

In 1794, the king, once again, became involved and refused to support his son unless George married. On 8 April 1795, he married Caroline of Brunswick (a cousin). It was apparently dislike at first sight. I recently read a report that Prinny had his mistress at the time Francis, Countess of Jersey (I use her first name only to distinguish her from Sally who was Francis’s daughter-in-law.) meet Caroline when she arrived in England instead of going himself. It is also said that all the jewels George gave Caroline on the event of their marriage he took back and gave to Francis who was one of Caroline’s ladies in waiting, and that she wore the jewels in Caroline’s presence. He attempted several times, unsuccessfully, to divorce her. In 1814, Caroline had apparently had enough and moved to Italy. Suffice it to say that the war between them had started and didn’t end until her death in 1821. He didn’t even write her about her daughter’s death in 1816.

George became George IV on 29 January 1820, and was even more determined to divorce Caroline. But she returned to England that year and sympathy for her caused her to be extremely popular, as opposed to George who was almost universally detested for his excesses.

On During his early years, the prince was considered by many to be an extremely handsome man. However, hard drinking and over eating eventually took its toll on his health.

He was succeeded by his brother William.

This is a very short account. If you’re interested in learning more about Prinny, Amazon has several listed. https://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_2?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=King+George+IV

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Lithograph of Prinny 1821

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Instead about talking about the Regency today, I’m going to discuss the new Duke and Duchess of Sussex and how to address them properly.

Let’s start with a little history. During the Regency (you knew I’d slip it in) the royal house of England and Great Britain was called the House of Hanover. The King of England was also the King of Hanover. However, when Victoria took the throne, she could not be the Queen of Hanover. The title went to her uncle. That said, she kept the name Hanover. When her son Albert became King of England, he changed the name to his father’s house, the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. In 1917, due to anti-German sentiments in England (WWI) George V change the name to the House of Windsor. As it is today.

The Royal Surname. The royal surname (that they use only when they have to) was changed to Mountbatten-Windsor. This surname applies to male line descendent of the royal family who do not have another royal title or style. Princess Anne used the surname Mountbatten-Windsor when she signed the register after her marriage.

Here is the part that really seems to confuse people. The queen gave all her sons and her two oldest grandsons deriving from the male line (so not Princess Anne’s children) titles. In order to be called a “Princess) one must have been born a princess. Therefore, the daughters of all of Princess Anne’s brothers are entitled to the title princess. (To be fair, the queen did offer to make Anne’s kids princess and prince, but she turned her down.) None of the queen’s grandchildren use the name Mountbatten-Windsor. The reason for that all their fathers have other royal titles. Here’s the rundown:

The Prince of Wales

The Duke of York

The Earl of Wessex (Edward is another odd one. He turned down the HRH for his kids and liked that title better than whichever duke title was available)

Ever since their birth William and Harry (Henry for the purists among you) have used the last name Wales. Until they were made dukes, their titles were Prince William of Wales and Prince Harry of Wales. Their cousins are Princess Eugenie of York and Princess Beatrice of York.

The change. In order to avoid Kate being titled Princess William, the queen, just like she did with her two other sons, bestowed the royal title of The Duke of Cambridge on William. So he and Kate are properly known as their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. Separately, they are HRH the Duke of Cambridge, or Prince William, Duke of Cambridge. If he needs a surname, he now uses Cambridge. Kate is HRH the Duchess of Cambridge. Just to make sure, I contacted Buckingham Palace and verified that Kate cannot be called either Princess William or Catherine, the Duchess of Cambridge.

The same rules apply to Harry and Megan. They are Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Sussex. He is HRH The Duke of Sussex and Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex. Megan is HRH The Duchess of Sussex. As with Kate, she cannot be called Princess Harry or Megan, Duchess of Sussex.

#RegencyTrivia #HistoricalRomance #ReadaRegency

 

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